We used GlaI/FatI-PCR assay for determination of 5mC/T polymorphism frequencies at position xp1: 245618129 (according to the GRCh38.p13 genomic assembly) in DNA preparations isolated from blood cells of 51 breast cancer (BC) patients and 63 gastric cancer patients (GC). The data obtained were compared with those previously obtained for 92 healthy blood donors. It was shown that the cytosine in this position is predominantly is methylated in all DNA samples. The incidence of a diploid C/C set in this position in patients with breast cancer and gastric cancer is 9.8% and 7.94%, respectively. This is significantly different from the incidence of C homozygotes in healthy women (26.09%) and healthy donors of both sexes (22.83%). Thus, C/C homozygotes at position xp1: 245618129 is an favorable sign indicating a lower risk (2.7-2.9 times) of two types of oncological diseases. At the same time, the incidence of C/T heterozygotes and T/T homozygotes in patients with gastric cancer and breast cancer exceeds similar indicators for control groups of healthy people by 5.5-10.7%.
GlaI-PCR analysis of methylation of ACGC site in Chr11: 65647266 in DNA samples from the blood cells of healthy donors and early stage breast cancers
Methylation of ACGC site in position Chr11: 65647266 (according to GRCh38 PrimaryAssembly) in DNA preparations from blood cells of healthy donors and early stage breast cancers was studied with GlaI-PCR assay. The work includes a) preparation of light fraction of the blood cells, b) isolation of genomic DNA, c) determination of genomic DNA concentration by real-time PCR, d) determination of concentration of unmethylated ACGC site in position Chr11: 65647266 with GlaI-PCR assay and e) calculation of percent of DNA molecules with unmethylated ACGC site in position Chr11: 65647266. GLAD-PCR analysis showed that in more than 82% of donors, the level of ACGC methylation in the SIPA1 gene is 3% or less, while in approximately 70% of patients with breast cancer, the level of ACGC site methylation in SIPA1 gene is in the range of 3.2 to 6.4%. These data suggest that at early stages of breast cancer, demethylation of A(5mC)GC site in the SIPA1 gene at position 65647266 takes place in 2/3 of patients. The data of this work may be used for a development of PCR test-system for exclusion of diagnosis “early stage breast cancer”. GlaI-PCR assay doesn’t require special and expensive equipment. The study may be carried out in a standard PCR laboratory when a blood analysis is taken place.